Jai Maa
2013

Product description
This placemats and napkin set or table mat napkin set is made of block printed canvas cotton fabric. Thick fabric helps placemats stay firmly on the table. The bright and pleasant colourful floral designs go well for summer and spring home décor. These serves as decoration, especially placemats made from cotton or silk. These are handcrafted by craftsmen of Jaipur in Rajasthan, India.
Placemat Block Printed Colourful Cotton Table Mat

These dinning placemats that will add charm to your Dining Table. This elegant range of placemat set gives dining table setting an elegant and complete look with their vibrant colour combination. Choose from complete sets that come with placemats and napkins set. These are easy to wash at home and maintain as well. This will not only transform the complete look of your table but will also become a staple for every occasion.

Product description
Theses handmade brocade silk table runners gives an authentic look to your dining table or kitchen table. These table runners are crafted by expert and hereditary artisans of Banaras in north India on handlooms. The elegant designs and patterns of these table runners makes them very attractive. Mostly the top of these table runners are made in brocade style silk and the bottom layer is made in cotton fabric or poly-silk. The main advantage of creating a table runner by hand is, it gives the vast choice of fabrics, patterns and designs for weaving & crafting an elegant table runner. Decorate you dining room by using these luxurious runners in various designs & patterns. It gives a traditional look to your dining room with modern style.
https://www.amazon.in/s/ref=nb_sb_noss?url=me%3DA21MH1311BKRW0&field-keywords=Table+Runner

Product description
Ghungroo or dancing bells are musical anklets tied to the feet of classical Indian dancers. A string of ghungroos can range from 10 to 200 bells knotted together. Ghungroos are worn in traditional performances of the classical Indian dance forms. These ghungharus are globular bells each about 2 cm in diameter. Dancers string them on ropes or sew them onto cloth or leather strips and wear them around ankles. Larger ghungroos may be strung on a circle of wire and shaken as accompaniment to a song. They are often fixed to other instruments to add to the sound. The bells are decorative in themselves and the cords strung are often bright and finished with tassels.
https://www.amazon.in/s/ref=nb_sb_noss?url=me%3DA21MH1311BKRW0&field-keywords=Ghungroo
There are two common forms of the ghungroo. In traditional form it is merely a number of bells woven together on a cotton string or cords. And the same are used in dance forms like Kathak. But these types for anklets are not cozy for dancers to wear. In modern for these ghungroos are stitched to a padded cushion made of soft cloth like velvet or soft leather to make them easy to wear. This may then be strapped to the feet of a dancer.


Product description

Hand Percussion Cymbals Jhika Indian Musical Instrument
Karatal is a hand percussion instrument from India. This karatal pair is another form of manjira or hand cymbal. This kartal pair is consist of a wooden frame with two long, straight handles that connect to each other with two short wooden handles; the open space between the long handles has a wooden separator that separates two rows of three brass cymbal. There are also small cymbals fixed into wood blocks forming another type of instrument.

Product description
The tambourine is a musical instrument in the percussion family consisting of a frame, often of wood or plastic, with pairs of small metal jingles, called "zils". Classically the term tambourine denotes an instrument with a drumhead, though some variants may not have a head at all. Tambourines are often used with regular percussion sets. They can be mounted, but position is largely down to preference.

Tambourines come in many shapes with the most common being circular. It is found in many forms of music: Turkish folk music, Greek folk music, Italian folk music, classical music, Persian music, gospel music, pop music and rock music.
Timbrel or tabret (the tof of the ancient Hebrews, the deff of Islam, the adufe of the Moors of Spain), the principal musical instrument of percussion of the Israelites, similar to the modern tambourine.
Tambourine Hand Percussion Musical Instrument


Product description

DronaIndia Damru Hand Percussion Handmade Indian Musical Instrument
Classical Indian hand percussion Damru is well known folk instrument for drumming in all over India. Damru is mainly made in wood, metal or skull with both ends covered by animal skin (goat skin) crossed tied-up strings or cords made from cotton, leather or jute. Damru is an hour glass shaped drum, typically played with the bare hands, a player wave the instrument by twisting the wrist back and forth. A Damru player adjusts the pitch of the instrument by adjusting the pressure that is applied to these strings.
Damro is associated with Hindu God Lord Shiva, it is Lord Shiva favourite musical instrument that is why Damru is also known as a power drum, which invokes spiritual energy


Product description
Hand cymbal or manjira is a traditional hand percussion instrument of India. It is also known as manjeera, tala, jalra, khartal or kartal. Manjira has a significant importance in Indian folk music. Basically manjira is played in the aarti of Indian Gods & Goddesses for devotional music.
DronaCraft Hand Cymbals Manjira Pair in Brass Handmade Indian Musical InstrumentManjira in Tibetan style is known as tingsha which is a small for majira. These cymbals used in prayer and rituals by Tibetan Buddhist practitioners. Two cymbals are joined together by a leather strap or cotton string. Manjira is mainly made of brass metal, but antique style cymbals are made from special bronze alloys that produce harmonic overtones. Though Manjira is a small metal instrument, but it produces a sweet tinkling sound when struck together.

Tambourine Hand Percussion Musical Instrument
Product description
The tambourine is a musical instrument in the percussion family consisting of a frame, often of wood or plastic, with pairs of small metal jingles, called "zils". Classically the term tambourine denotes an instrument with a drumhead, though some variants may not have a head at all. Tambourines are often used with regular percussion sets. They can be mounted, but position is largely down to preference.

Tambourines come in many shapes with the most common being circular. It is found in many forms of music: Turkish folk music, Greek folk music, Italian folk music, classical music, Persian music, gospel music, pop music and rock music.

Timbrel or tabret (the tof of the ancient Hebrews, the deff of Islam, the adufe of the Moors of Spain), the principal musical instrument of percussion of the Israelites, similar to the modern tambourine.

Product description:-

The tonic of the bansuri is the note sounded when 3 finger holes are closed, 6 holes closed determines the key. The same flute may be referred to by either its tonic or key.
Bansuri, Murali, Venu all are the name of Indian woodwind instrument flute. Indian bamboo flutes are the one of the oldest musical instruments of India. The Hindu God Krishna is traditionally considered a master of the Bansuri or Flute. The bansuri is made from a single hollow shaft of bamboo with six or seven finger holes. The Indian flutes are very simple compared to the western counterparts, they are made of bamboo and are keyless. And flute is a reedless wind instrument that produces its sound from the flow of air across of opening. The fingers of both hands are used to close and open the holes. It has a blowing hole near one end, and eight closely placed finger holes.
DronaCraft Musical Instrument Bansuri Transverse Bamboo FluteThere are two varieties of bansuri or flutes: transverse, and fipple. The fipple flute is usually played in folk music and is held at the lips like a whistle. Because it enables superior control, variations and embellishments, the transverse variety is preferred in Indian classical music. The size of a Bansuri affects its pitch. Longer bansuris with a larger bore have a lower pitch and the slimmer and shorter ones sound higher. In order to play the diatonic scale on a bansuri, one needs to find where the notes lie. For example, in a bansuri where Sa or the tonic is always played by closing the first three holes, is equivalent to D, one can play sheet music by creating a finger notation that corresponds to different notes.

Product description
Ghungroo or dancing bells are musical anklets tied to the feet of classical Indian dancers. A string of ghungroos can range from 10 to 200 bells knotted together. Ghungroos are worn in traditional performances of the classical Indian dance forms. These ghungharus are globular bells each about 2 cm in diameter. Dancers string them on ropes or sew them onto cloth or leather strips and wear them around ankles. Larger ghungroos may be strung on a circle of wire and shaken as accompaniment to a song. They are often fixed to other instruments to add to the sound. The bells are decorative in themselves and the cords strung are often bright and finished with tassels.
DronaCraft Dancing Bells Ghungroo Pair Handmade Indian Classical Dance Accessories
There are two common forms of the ghungroo. In traditional form it is merely a number of bells woven together on a cotton string or cords. And the same are used in dance forms like Kathak. But these types for anklets are not cozy for dancers to wear. In modern for these ghungroos are stitched to a padded cushion made of soft cloth like velvet or soft leather to make them easy to wear. This may then be strapped to the feet of a dancer.

Product description
Theses handmade brocade silk table runners gives an authentic look to your dining table or kitchen table. These table runners are crafted by expert and hereditary artisans of Banaras in north India on handlooms. The elegant designs and patterns of these table runners makes them very attractive. Mostly the top of these table runners are made in brocade style silk and the bottom layer is made in cotton fabric or poly-silk. The main advantage of creating a table runner by hand is, it gives the vast choice of fabrics, patterns and designs for weaving & crafting an elegant table runner. Decorate you dining room by using these luxurious runners in various designs & patterns. It gives a traditional look to your dining room with modern style.
Brocade Silk Table Runner Handmade Patch Work Table Cloth

Product description:-
Gopichand or Ektar is a one-string instrument most often used in folk music and is plucked with one finger. Gopichand also known as gopiyantra, is a very popular folk instrument of Bengal. It is an instrument that is much used by the wandering minstrels known as the Baul.
 DronaCraft Gopichand Single String Indian Musical Instrument

There are several variations on the basis of the construction methods of instrument. The length may vary from one foot to three feet, however 2-3 feet is the standard size. It consists of a length of bamboo that is split through most of the length. The two ends are pried apart and attached to a resonator. This resonator may be a coconut, gourd, metal container or a hollowed out cylindrical section of wood. The open end of the resonator is covered with taught skin and a string penetrates the centre. This string is attached to a reinforced section in the centre. This string then passes through the hollow of the resonator and attaches to a tuning peg located in the bamboo.
The sound of the gopichand is most distinctive. There is a peculiar bending of the pitch as the two legs of the bamboo are squeezed together by the left hand while the right hand plucks the string. This is a rhythmic instrument rather than a melodic instrument and it is used to accompany instruments such as kartal, dotar etc.

Product description
Hindu God statues and sculptures add to the well being of one's house and is also a great source of decoration. They are usually priced as per the material and craftsmanship. Some of the most popular god statues include goddess Lakshmi statue, Ram Statues, Vishnu statues, Lord Ganesha, Lord Shiva, Lord Buddha, Goddess Durga etc. Out of these Lord Ganesha's statue is one the most popular and common sculpture which could be found in almost all Hindu Homes.

 DronaCraft Tiny God Ganesha Pocket Charm Brass StatueBrass, a perfect union of copper and zinc, is used since 500 BC. Our exquisite collection of brass statues captures the eternal, ethereal beauty of brass in timeless pieces of art. An art form that can enhance the ornate allure of interiors be it home, office or just about any place. No tastefully done interior is complete without a brass statue or sculpture. Connoisseurs place brass artwork in all together a different bracket, defined by no other art form. These religious statues are perfect imitation of our artisans skill.

Indian artisans make various types of brass artifacts, acclaimed as much for their beauty and strength of form as their utility. Highly skilled artisans, put in their greatest devotion to render- fine quality, impeccable finish and a graceful persona to the sculptures.

Product description:-
Karatal is a hand percussion instrument from India. This karatal pair is another form of manjira or hand cymbal. This kartal pair is consist of a wooden frame with two long, straight handles that connect to each other with two short wooden handles; the open space between the long handles has a wooden separator that separates two rows of three brass cymbal. There are also small cymbals fixed into wood blocks forming another type of instrument.
 Kartal Pair Indian Musical Percussion Instrument Hand-Cymbals

DronaCraft Hand Percussion Cymbals Jhika Indian Musical Instrument
Product description
Karatal is a hand percussion instrument from India. This karatal pair is another form of manjira or hand cymbal. This kartal pair is consist of a wooden frame with two long, straight handles that connect to each other with two short wooden handles; the open space between the long handles has a wooden separator that separates two rows of three brass cymbal. There are also small cymbals fixed into wood blocks forming another type of instrument.

Product description
Handmade brocade silk cushion cover in vibrant colors that will compliment both contemporary and traditional room settings. With attractive motifs all over, this cushion cover will get your attention every time you are in your living room. Made of brocade silk in front side and cotton or polyester on back side made them very easy to maintain and has been designed to bring elegant feel to your home.
Handmade Silk Brocade Blue Throw Pillow CoverBrocades are textiles woven with warp and weft threads of different colors and often of different materials. The Varanasi brocades are woven in silk, with profuse use of metal threads borders. The weavers are known as karigars, which means artists, who weave in workshops called karkhanas, Almost every inch of space in the karkhana is taken up by looms, and above each loom hangs a crowded arrangement of strings leading down to the room heddles. The zari thread, known as kalabattun, consists of finely drawn gold, silver or base metal thread, wound round a silk thread. The most famed of Varanasi brocaded textile is called kinkhab woven with a coarse but durable silk known as mukta, which is heavy enough to take brocading with silver or gold thread. The silk-and-zari-work brocade of lighter material and less heavier ornamentation is known as bafta and the brocade without any metal thread work is known as amaru. Benaras brocades are woven on pitlooms.

Product description
Classical Indian hand percussion Damru is well known folk instrument for drumming in all over India. Damru is mainly made in wood, metal or skull with both ends covered by animal skin (goat skin) crossed tied-up strings or cords made from cotton, leather or jute. Damru is an hour glass shaped drum, typically played with the bare hands, a player wave the instrument by twisting the wrist back and forth. A Damru player adjusts the pitch of the instrument by adjusting the pressure that is applied to these strings.
Damro is associated with Hindu God Lord Shiva, it is Lord Shiva favourite musical instrument that is why Damru is also known as a power drum, which invokes spiritual energy.
DronaCraft Damroo Hand Percussion Handmade Indian Musical Instrument

The tambourine is a musical instrument in the percussion family consisting of a frame, often of wood or plastic, with pairs of small metal jingles, called "zils". Classically the term tambourine denotes an instrument with a drumhead, though some variants may not have a head at all. Tambourines are often used with regular percussion sets. They can be mounted, but position is largely down to preference.

DronaCraft Tambourine Hand Percussion Musical Instrument
Tambourines come in many shapes with the most common being circular. It is found in many forms of music: Turkish folk music, Greek folk music, Italian folk music, classical music, Persian music, gospel music, pop music and rock music.


Timbrel or tabret (the tof of the ancient Hebrews, the deff of Islam, the adufe of the Moors of Spain), the principal musical instrument of percussion of the Israelites, similar to the modern tambourine.

Product description
Jewellery box is an essential component of a woman's make up kit. The usual shape is rectangular, but the box sometimes square too. These jewellery boxes are also used to keep valuables in, and are some times beautifully painted, carved or inlaid with motifs. A variety of floral patterns, human figures, and architectural boat and cart motifs have been used to embellish Jewellery boxes, employing the techniques of enamel painting, repousse or engraving, and golden wire inlay work. Next time when you make a Jewellery gift to your near and dear ones, put the Jewellery in these Jewellery boxes. You would have made a memorable gift.
Handmade Jewellery Box Rectangular Shape Wood Carving with Floral Brass Inlay Design


Product description

Karatal is a hand percussion instrument from India. This karatal pair is another form of manjira or hand cymbal. This kartal pair is consist of a wooden frame with two long, straight handles that connect to each other with two short wooden handles; the open space between the long handles has a wooden separator that separates two rows of three brass cymbal. There are also small cymbals fixed into wood blocks forming another type of instrument.
Kartal Pair Indian Musical Percussion Instrument Hand-Cymbals

Product description
This placemats and napkin set or table mat napkin set is made of block printed canvas cotton fabric. Thick fabric helps placemats stay firmly on the table. The bright and pleasant colourful floral designs go well for summer and spring home décor. These serves as decoration, especially placemats made from cotton or silk. These are handcrafted by craftsmen of Jaipur in Rajasthan, India.

These dinning placemats that will add charm to your Dining Table. This elegant range of placemat set gives dining table setting an elegant and complete look with their vibrant colour combination. Choose from complete sets that come with placemats and napkins set. These are easy to wash at home and maintain as well. This will not only transform the complete look of your table but will also become a staple for every occasion.
Placemat Napkin Set of 6 Block Printed Colourful Cotton Tablemats

Product description
Ever since we humans knew religion, the ‘Aadi Shakti’, the goddess represented purity, fertility and prosperity. Mythology and religious sentiments have always found association in Goddess statues. Most of the religions including the so-called Pagan cults have adorned the sacred feminine and this found vent in some of the most breath-takingly sculpted goddess statues. They are considered luck charms. Our collection of Goddess statues are intricately carved representations of the sacred feminine spirit.
Brass, a perfect union of copper and zinc, is used since 500 BC. Our exquisite collection of brass statues captures the eternal, ethereal beauty of brass in timeless pieces of art. An art form that can enhance the ornate allure of interiors be it home, office or just about any place. No tastefully done interior is complete without a brass statue or sculpture. Connoisseurs place brass artwork in all together a different bracket, defined by no other art form. These religious statues are perfect imitation of our artisans skill.

Indian artisans make various types of brass artifacts, acclaimed as much for their beauty and strength of form as their utility. Highly skilled artisans, put in their greatest devotion to render- fine quality, impeccable finish and a graceful persona to the sculptures.
DronaCraft Tiny Goddess Laxmi and Lord Ganesha Brass Statues

Sages of yore used the copper metal to offer their prayers to GOD. Even today, the authenticity of copper has the same significance for nay sacred ritual. DronaIndia's range of Pooja accessories is created to embrace the ambience of worship with divinity and so to make oblations auspicious.

Religious Accessory Copper Pooja Lota Kalash
These eternal creations will charm your family & friends and are ideal corporate gifts too. Each of these beautiful, healthy & ethentic gifts will be cherished for life. Gift Copper, Gift Health. Let your gift convey the good will message - Health is Wealth.
 
Care Tips:-
Clean your copperware by hand and avoid dishwasher as the detergent can cause oxidation leading to permanent damage. Use a solution of equal quantities vinegar or lemon juice and salt diluted with some water at such times but don't use it regularly. Also avoid scratchy cleaners like steel wool. A simple, soft cleaning liquid on soap base, hot water and a soft washing cloth is best for daily use.

DronaCraft Woodwind Musical Instrument Bansuri Transverse Bamboo Flute
Product description
The tonic of the bansuri is the note sounded when 3 finger holes are closed, 6 holes closed determines the key. The same flute may be referred to by either its tonic or key.

Bansuri, Murali, Venu all are the name of Indian woodwind instrument flute. Indian bamboo flutes are the one of the oldest musical instruments of India. The Hindu God Krishna is traditionally considered a master of the Bansuri or Flute. The bansuri is made from a single hollow shaft of bamboo with six or seven finger holes. The Indian flutes are very simple compared to the western counterparts, they are made of bamboo and are keyless. And flute is a reedless wind instrument that produces its sound from the flow of air across of opening. The fingers of both hands are used to close and open the holes. It has a blowing hole near one end, and eight closely placed finger holes.

There are two varieties of bansuri or flutes: transverse, and fipple. The fipple flute is usually played in folk music and is held at the lips like a whistle. Because it enables superior control, variations and embellishments, the transverse variety is preferred in Indian classical music. The size of a Bansuri affects its pitch. Longer bansuris with a larger bore have a lower pitch and the slimmer and shorter ones sound higher. In order to play the diatonic scale on a bansuri, one needs to find where the notes lie. For example, in a bansuri where Sa or the tonic is always played by closing the first three holes, is equivalent to D, one can play sheet music by creating a finger notation that corresponds to different notes.

Please Note:- All flutes are in natural bamboo colour, and flutes may have some visible spots, scratches because they are not polished or coloured. These flutes are tuned to respective scales regardless the factor whether they are straight or have any minor bend. Each and every one of DronaCraft’s flute is built with a keen eye for tuning, tone and quality.

Product description
Hindu God statues and sculptures add to the well being of one's house and is also a great source of decoration. They are usually priced as per the material and craftsmanship. Some of the most popular god statues include goddess Lakshmi statue, Ram Statues, Vishnu statues, Lord Ganesha, Lord Shiva, Lord Buddha, Goddess Durga etc. Out of these Lord Ganesha's statue is one the most popular and common sculpture which could be found in almost all Hindu Homes.Brass, a perfect union of copper and zinc, is used since 500 BC. Our exquisite collection of brass statues captures the eternal, ethereal beauty of brass in timeless pieces of art. An art form that can enhance the ornate allure of interiors be it home, office or just about any place. No tastefully done interior is complete without a brass statue or sculpture. Connoisseurs place brass artwork in all together a different bracket, defined by no other art form. These religious statues are perfect imitation of our artisans skill.
Indian artisans make various types of brass artifacts, acclaimed as much for their beauty and strength of form as their utility. Highly skilled artisans, put in their greatest devotion to render- fine quality, impeccable finish and a graceful persona to the sculptures.
DronaCraft God Krishna Plying Flute Brass Statue

DronaCraft Lord Ganesha Writing Brass Statue
Product description
Hindu God statues and sculptures add to the well being of one's house and is also a great source of decoration. They are usually priced as per the material and craftsmanship. Some of the most popular god statues include goddess Lakshmi statue, Ram Statues, Vishnu statues, Lord Ganesha, Lord Shiva, Lord Buddha, Goddess Durga etc. Out of these Lord Ganesha's statue is one the most popular and common sculpture which could be found in almost all Hindu Homes.

Brass, a perfect union of copper and zinc, is used since 500 BC. Our exquisite collection of brass statues captures the eternal, ethereal beauty of brass in timeless pieces of art. An art form that can enhance the ornate allure of interiors be it home, office or just about any place. No tastefully done interior is complete without a brass statue or sculpture. Connoisseurs place brass artwork in all together a different bracket, defined by no other art form. These religious statues are perfect imitation of our artisans skill.

Indian artisans make various types of brass artifacts, acclaimed as much for their beauty and strength of form as their utility. Highly skilled artisans, put in their greatest devotion to render- fine quality, impeccable finish and a graceful persona to the sculptures.

DronaIndia Damru Hand Percussion Handmade Indian Musical Instrument
Product description
Classical Indian hand percussion Damru is well known folk instrument for drumming in all over India. Damru is mainly made in wood, metal or skull with both ends covered by animal skin (goat skin) crossed tied-up strings or cords made from cotton, leather or jute. Damru is an hour glass shaped drum, typically played with the bare hands, a player wave the instrument by twisting the wrist back and forth. A Damru player adjusts the pitch of the instrument by adjusting the pressure that is applied to these strings.

Damro is associated with Hindu God Lord Shiva, it is Lord Shiva favourite musical instrument that is why Damru is also known as a power drum, which invokes spiritual energy.

Dronaindia Dancing Bells Kathak Ghungroo Pair Handmade Indian Classical Dance Accessories
Product description
Ghungroo or dancing bells are musical anklets tied to the feet of classical Indian dancers. A string of ghungroos can range from 10 to 200 bells knotted together. Ghungroos are worn in traditional performances of the classical Indian dance forms. These ghungharus are globular bells each about 2 cm in diameter. Dancers string them on ropes or sew them onto cloth or leather strips and wear them around ankles. Larger ghungroos may be strung on a circle of wire and shaken as accompaniment to a song. They are often fixed to other instruments to add to the sound. The bells are decorative in themselves and the cords strung are often bright and finished with tassels.

There are two common forms of the ghungroo. In traditional form it is merely a number of bells woven together on a cotton string or cords. And the same are used in dance forms like Kathak. But these types for anklets are not cozy for dancers to wear. In modern for these ghungroos are stitched to a padded cushion made of soft cloth like velvet or soft leather to make them easy to wear. This may then be strapped to the feet of a dancer.

DronaCraft Hand Cymbals Manjira Pair in Brass Handmade Indian Musical Instrument
Product description
Hand cymbal or manjira is a traditional hand percussion instrument of India. It is also known as manjeera, tala, jalra, khartal or kartal. Manjira has a significant importance in Indian folk music. Basically manjira is played in the aarti of Indian Gods & Goddesses for devotional music.

Manjira in Tibetan style is known as tingsha which is a small for majira. These cymbals used in prayer and rituals by Tibetan Buddhist practitioners. Two cymbals are joined together by a leather strap or cotton string. Manjira is mainly made of brass metal, but antique style cymbals are made from special bronze alloys that produce harmonic overtones. Though Manjira is a small metal instrument, but it produces a sweet tinkling sound when struck together.

Product description
Karatal is a hand percussion instrument from India. This karatal pair is another form of manjira or hand cymbal. This kartal pair is consist of a wooden frame with two long, straight handles that connect to each other with two short wooden handles; the open space between the long handles has a wooden separator that separates two rows of three brass cymbal. There are also small cymbals fixed into wood blocks forming another type of instrument.
DronaIndia Hand Percussion Cymbals Jhika Indian Musical Instrument

Brocade Silk Sofa Cushion Cover Decorative LargeThrow Pillows Protector
Product description
Handmade brocade silk cushion cover in vibrant colors that will compliment both contemporary and traditional room settings. With attractive motifs all over, this cushion cover will get your attention every time you are in your living room. Made of brocade silk in front side and cotton or polyester on back side made them very easy to maintain and has been designed to bring elegant feel to your home.

Brocades are textiles woven with warp and weft threads of different colors and often of different materials. The Varanasi brocades are woven in silk, with profuse use of metal threads borders. The weavers are known as karigars, which means artists, who weave in workshops called karkhanas, Almost every inch of space in the karkhana is taken up by looms, and above each loom hangs a crowded arrangement of strings leading down to the room heddles. The zari thread, known as kalabattun, consists of finely drawn gold, silver or base metal thread, wound round a silk thread. The most famed of Varanasi brocaded textile is called kinkhab woven with a coarse but durable silk known as mukta, which is heavy enough to take brocading with silver or gold thread. The silk-and-zari-work brocade of lighter material and less heavier ornamentation is known as bafta and the brocade without any metal thread work is known as amaru. Benaras brocades are woven on pitlooms.

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